Africa is a Continent.
Egypt, is in Africa, and has had a thriving Economy, which was once the most advanced in the world, it has since staggered along, and Britain and France never really colonised it, although Britain had it as a Protectorate until Gamal Nasser kicked us out, and since then the Economy...
Best answer: Where?
Africa is a Continent.
Egypt, is in Africa, and has had a thriving Economy, which was once the most advanced in the world, it has since staggered along, and Britain and France never really colonised it, although Britain had it as a Protectorate until Gamal Nasser kicked us out, and since then the Economy has been patchy at best?
North Africa above the Sahara was at its most prosperous under the Roman Empire, however it must be noted the weather was slightly wetter so they could grow more crops.
Sub Saharan Africa (which I suspect is the bit your thinking about) was Palaeolithic (old stone age) to Iron Age, before Europe started trading with West Africa.
Palaeolithic, Old Stone age, means no farming, and only basic stone tools, so not even subsistence level living, they were hunter gatherers, and in some areas in the centre, there were certainly no Countries nor even, tribal boundaries.
Near the coast of West Africa, there were 'Kingdoms' that were Iron Age, Benin is one such, they were the most advanced, but a note of caution. Geography plays a large part here.
Europe, Asia developed because States rubbed up against each other, Trade was conducted via the sea ways or road networks, Africa below the Sahara had no such means, the Geography was against it.
This means you had ~States~ such as Great Zimbabwe rise and fall, but with no competitor States close by with which to exchange ideas, or conquer and gain further knowledge, so they didn't advance the way States in Europe or Asia did. Also Farming hadn't developed. In Europe and the Middle East, there was Barley and wheat, in Asia Rice, these were staple crops with a high calorie yield per Acre, so a high population could be supported, Wheat, Barley, Rice were unknown in Africa.
So to answer in a nutshell, there was no modern Economy, hence why the blacks traded Slaves.
Europe introduced, modern farming, and hence a modern Economy to Africa, also we brought the written word, there is no History of Africa as such, because History relies upon the written word.
The Economy as such was based solely on Slavery, and subsistence level farming at best and hunter gathering for the majority, which means a slight change in the weather one year to next, and you starve to death, a long slow agonising way to die?