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The distribution coefficient for iodine between CCl4 and H2O is 85. ?
Calculate the concentration of I2 remaining in the aqueous layer after extraction of 50.0 mL of 1.00 x 10-3 F I2 with the following quantities of CCl4.
(a) two 25.0 mL portions.
(b) five 25.0 mL portions.
- hcbiochemLv 73 months agoFavourite answer
There is a real handy equation for doing this calculation:
where Qaq = the fraction remaining in the aqueous solvent
Vaq and Vorg are the volumes of the aqueous and organic solvent used in each extraction
D = distribution coefficient
n = number of identical extractions
(a) Qaq = [50/85(25) + 50]^2 = 5.28X10^-4
So, the remaining concentration in the aqueous layer is (5.28X10^-4 X 1.00X10^-3) = 5.28X10^-7
(b) Qaq = [50/85(25) + 50]^5 = 2.03X10^-16
remaining concentration = 2.03X10^-16 X 1.00X10^-3 = 2.03X10^-19